Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral Palsy (CP) is an umbrella term covering a group of non-progressive, but often changing, motor impairment syndromes secondary to lesions or anomalies of the brain arising in the early stages of development (i.e., up to 5 years). It includes various kinds of disabilities such as difficulty in coordinated and alternate movements, abnormal movements and postures, and difficulty in keeping the body in antigravity postures

Types of Cerebral Palsy

  • Spastic (60-80% of cases)
    • Quadriplegia (8-15%)
    • Diplegia (25-45%)
    • Hemiplegia (20-30se %)
    • Monoplegia (rare):
  • Ataxic (5% of cases) Characterized by unsteadiness
  • Dyskinetic (10-15% of cases) Characterized by abnormal movements


  • Stretching Exercise
  • PNF Technique
  • NDT
  • Balance and Co-Ordination Exercises