Lower Back Pain & Treatment in Bangalore
Back pain is one the most common musculoskeletal disorder to be seen in patient.its mainly related to posture of work and weekness or stiffness of back and core muscle .everyone at some point has back pain that interferes with work, routine daily activities, or recreation. Low back pain is the most common cause of job-related disability. Being Bangalore as IT capital the chances of getting Back Pain is extreamly high due to prolong sitting and improper ergonomics.
Types of Lower Back Pain
- Acute back pain
- Chronic back pain
Acute or short-term low back pain generally lasts from a few days to a few weeks. Most acute back pain is mechanical in nature — that is musculoskeletal low back pain. Musculoskeletal low back pain can be caused by problems with the alignment in your vertebrae, pelvis, or sacroiliac joint (where your spine meets your pelvis), tightening or shortening of muscles in the area, lack of or too much mobility in your spine or a specific syndrome termed “myofascial pain syndrome”. Myofascial pain is pain arising from active trigger points in a muscle or its fascia (connective tissue around the muscle). A trigger point is a tender, irritated area that can cause pain in areas along the muscle; an event called “referred pain.” This referred pain can usually be reproduced when the trigger point is “palpated,” or pushed on. The pain can be felt at rest, as well as when the muscle is being used. Trigger points over time cause the muscle to shorten, leading to a tight, pulling, or stretched feeling.
Chronic back pain is measured by duration — pain that persists for more than 2-3months is considered chronic. It is often progressive and the cause can be difficult to determine.
- Wrong or improper posture (slouching when sitting)
- Improper lifting, lifting heavy objects
- Straining individual muscles
- Calcium and vitamin-D deficiency
- Prolonged sitting, especially in a chair that does not adequately support the back
- Sleeping on a too soft mattress
- Improper footwear and walking habits
- Kidney, bladder, and prostate problems
- Frequent and long distance travelling
- Female pelvic disorders
- Bone disease
- Abnormal curvature of the spine
The conditions associated with low back pain
- Bulging disc (also called protruding, herniated, or ruptured disc).disc bludge causes nerve root compression which causes back and leg pain.
- Sciatica: The compression of sciatic nerve causes burning low back pain combined with pain through out the leg.
- Spinal degeneration: From disc wear and tear can lead to a narrowing of the spinal canal.
- Spinal stenosis
- Osteoporosis is a metabolic bone disease marked by progressive decrease in bone density and strength.
- Spinal deformities: include scoliosis, a lateral curvature of spine; kyphosis, increase in anteroir concavity; lordosis, an abnormally increased in lumbar curvature; back extension, a bending backward of the spine; and back flexion, in which the spine bends forward.
- Spondylitis refers to chronic back pain and stiffness caused by a severe infection to or inflammation of the spinal joints.
- Osteomyelitis: Infection in the bones of the spine
Back Pain Treatment Techniques
- Trigger point release
- Myofascial release
- Spinal mobilizations
- McKenzie back regimen
- Spinal stretching & strengthening exercises
- Back school